Active Ownership

UTAM is an active owner, meaning that we bring a responsible investing view to the exercise of shareholder voting rights, our engagement with public companies and our advocacy efforts.


Proxy Voting

The public equity securities in our Pension and Endowment portfolios typically extend the option to participate in proxy voting. Where possible, we direct the voting and require ESG factors to be taken into account.

Proxy voting is one of the most important rights available to public equity investors. UTAM’s approach to proxy voting reflects our fiduciary duty to act in the best interests of our client. We also expect our third-party investment managers to act in the best interests of their clients when they vote proxies. To that end, we routinely review the proxy voting practices of our public equity investment managers as part of our due diligence reviews.

As a responsible investor and PRI signatory, UTAM has adopted the Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) Sustainability Guidelines for proxy voting. These guidelines are consistent with the objectives of investors who take an integration approach to responsible investing. We apply these guidelines wherever possible. The guidelines, updated annually by ISS and disclosed on our website, reflect the following considerations:

ISS recognizes the growing view among investment professionals that sustainability or environmental, social, and corporate governance (ESG) factors could present material risks to portfolio investments. Whereas investment managers have traditionally analyzed topics such as board accountability and executive compensation to mitigate risk, greater numbers are incorporating ESG performance into their investment-making decisions in order to have a more comprehensive understanding of the overall risk profile of the companies in which they invest to ensure sustainable long-term profitability for their beneficiaries. 

ISS has developed proxy voting guidelines that are consistent with the objectives of sustainability-minded investors and fiduciaries. On matters of ESG import, ISS’ Sustainability Policy seeks to promote support for recognized global governing bodies promoting sustainable business practices advocating for stewardship of environment, fair labor practices, non-discrimination, and the protection of human rights.

On matters of corporate governance, executive compensation, and corporate structure, the Sustainability Policy guidelines are based on a commitment to create and preserve economic value and to advance principles of good corporate governance.

In the following section, we provide a summary of proxy voting statistics for public equity mandates where either the ISS Sustainability Guidelines were applied in 2020 or our third-party investment managers provided proxy voting information for the pooled funds in which the Pension and Endowment are invested.

Our proxy voting record

In 2020, nearly 6,800 meetings were voted, representing over 82,000 proposals and agenda items put forward by either management or shareholders. In 9% of cases, votes were cast against management’s recommendations.


Meetings voted by country/region

1%

Canada

64%

US

15%

Europe

15%

Asia

5%

Other


Shareholder proposals

In 2019, all of the shareholder proposals that we voted on were opposed by management. However, we voted in favour of approximately 70% of the proposals. Unfortunately, only 4% of shareholder proposals passed, but encouragingly almost 50% received over 20% of votes in favour and 17% received over 30% of votes in favour.

In the table below, we highlight the categories of shareholder proposals that represented most of the proposals voted on in 2019. We also provide our position with respect to each voting matter.

Voting MatterOur Position
Encouraging disclosure on
environmental and social matters
We voted to support proposals for increased accountability
and disclosure on environmental matters.
Proxy access and other voting
and governance matters
We voted to support proposals that give shareholders a
meaningful say in director nominations and call for improved
proxy access.
Compensation mattersWe voted in favour of proposals that would improve
compensation disclosure and alignment of interests between
executives and shareholders, and proposals that address
gender pay gaps.
Independent board chairWe voted to support proposals that reinforce strong
board leadership.

Engagement

UTAM also brings an ESG perspective to our engagement with public companies, whether in direct consultation with boards and management or – more typically, given the scale of our assets under management – through formal and informal collaborations with other institutional investors. Our overarching goal is to deepen accountability on ESG-related issues, which is increasingly vital to companies’ effective operations, risk management and long-term performance.

One of the pillars of a best-in-class active ownership approach is to engage with equity and fixed income issuers on ESG considerations. The objectives of engagement include seeking a better understanding of a company’s position on relevant issues and communicating UTAM’s views with the goal of improving management of ESG risks and opportunities. We believe that sound management in this area is essential for long-term outperformance.

Given UTAM’s size and our practice of investing through third-party investment managers, we typically undertake engagement activities as part of formal and informal collaborative groups. We believe that the combined influence of like-minded investors with substantial combined holdings will typically lead to better outcomes than we could achieve on our own.

For example, since 2008 we’ve worked in collaboration with other institutional investors as part of the Canadian Coalition for Good Governance, which promotes sound governance practices to the boards and management of issuers in Canada. And in 2018 we joined the 30% Club Canada, an initiative to promote the inclusion of women on the boards and at the executive level of public companies; this important issue is now part of our engagement dialogue with companies.

As the global response to climate change continues to gain momentum, we join with other institutional investors to address climate- and carbon-related risks with company boards and management. UTAM is the largest founding member of the recently formed University Network for Investor Engagement, a coalition of Canadian universities that will engage with publicly traded companies in their portfolios – in Canada and across North America – to address risks associated with climate change.

In 2021, we became a founding participant of Climate Engagement Canada (CEC), a finance-led initiative promoting the just transition to a net zero economy. CEC investor participants will identify about 40 of Canada’s highest greenhouse gas-emitting corporations and engage with them to encourage leading practices with respect to climate change risks and opportunities. This expands on our work since 2017 with the global Climate Action 100+ initiative (of which UTAM is also a founding participant), whose members engage with large greenhouse gas emitters to accelerate the transition to net zero.

The University of Toronto, represented by UTAM, is also the first university in the world to join the UN-convened Net-Zero Asset Owner Alliance. The Alliance aims to coordinate investor and asset-owner initiatives focused on climate change, and has established a framework for members to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050.

We augment these efforts and extend our engagement reach – particularly with issuers outside Canada – by working with specialized service providers such as EOS at Federated Hermes. In 2016, for example, EOS began engaging with energy infrastructure company Kinder Morgan on sustainability reporting and greenhouse gas emissions. Kinder Morgan has since committed to reporting on Scopes 1 and 2 emissions across the company, and to achieving specific targets for methane emission intensity.

The following graphics summarize activities by UTAM’s various engagement service providers.


Companies engaged by country/region 2020

Europe 271 United States 309 Asia (excluding Japan) 104 Canada 151 Japan 64 Other 41

Companies engaged by issue 2020

Corporate governance 783 Labour standards 82 Environment 177 Strategy, risk and communication 501 Social and ethical 284 Climate change 527 Human rights 212 Business conduct 163
Companies may have been engaged on more than one issue.

940

Companies engaged

42

Countries covered


Advocacy

Advocacy refers to interactions with law makers, regulators and governments with respect to responsible investing considerations. We often work with other investors on these initiatives because we believe that our impact is magnified when we join forces with other like-minded investors. As part of our advocacy efforts, we encourage policy makers to place more emphasis on corporate governance and shareholder accountability. We have also written letters to the Government of Canada asking that it update and strengthen our national commitments to the emissions reduction goal of the Paris Agreement, and that it take immediate and effective measures to eliminate child labour by 2025, as well as forced labour, human trafficking and all forms of modern slavery. Such advocacy is consistent with our PRI commitment and our ESG-integration approach to responsible investing.


Responsible Investing Affiliations

Consistent with our belief that we can achieve more in collaboration with other like-minded investors, we have joined or aligned with a number of organizations and initiatives that are beneficial to our responsible investing approach and our engagement and advocacy objectives.

View Our Responsible Investing Affiliations